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Whole genome sequencing reveals the impact of recent artificial selection on red sea bream reared in fish farms썸네일
Genomics
Scientific Reports 24 Apr 2019

Red sea bream, a popular fish resource in Korea and Japan, is being bred in fish farms of the two countries. It is hypothesized that the genomes of red sea bream are influenced by decades of artificial selection. This study investigates the impact of artificial selection on genomes of red sea bream. Whole genome sequencing was conducted for 40 samples of red sea bream either from Ehime, Nagasaki and Tongyeong fish farms or from the wild. Population stratification based on whole genome data was investigated and the genomic regions of fish farm populations under selection were identified using XP-EHH and relative nucleotide diversity. Gene ontology analysis revealed that different functions were enriched in different fish farms. In conclusion, this study highlights the difference between independently cultured red sea bream populations by showing that influence of artificial selection acted upon completely different genes related to different functions including metabolic and developmental processes.

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Exploring the genomes of East African Indicine cattle breeds reveals signature of selection for tropical environmental adaptation traits썸네일
Genomics
Cogent Food Agr. 29 Nov 2018

African indigenous cattle breeds have been reared within the continent for millennia. Due to the harsh tropical environmental conditions (e.g. sever disease and parasite prevalence, high temperature, feed and water scarcity) where they evolved, they have developed various levels of tropical environment adaptation attributes. In order to explore the genomic signatures of tropical environment adaptation in African cattle, we compared the whole genomes of East African Indicus cattle breeds with European and Asian Taurine cattle breeds using XP-EHH and XP-CLR population statistical methods. Several genes involved in various biological processes and pathways related to domestication and behavior (dopaminergic and glutamatergic synapse), feeding and metabolism (gastric acid secretion, metabolic pathways), thermotolerance (sphingolipid and Wnt signaling), immune system response (T cell receptor signaling), and growth and reproduction (osteoblast differentiation, fibroblast migration) were identified from our genome analysis. Genes associated with tick and parasite resistance traits such as keratin genes, collagen genes, calcium signaling, and tumor necrosis factor proteins were also identified. The genes and pathways identified in this study improve our understanding of the biological mechanisms of tropical environment adaptation of African Indicus cattle breeds, which may allow us to use them for genomic selection programs. This result presents a basis for further study and may help to develop vaccines for tick and gastrointestinal parasite challenge.

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